Berlin Wall history and facts

Berlin Wall history and facts

The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the Eastern bloc during the Cold War, but Frederick Taylor asks whether it was more convenient to the Western democracies than their rhetoric suggested. Amazing facts for kids.


Berlin Wall

The building of the Berlin Wall in August 1961 divided families and neighbourhoods in what had been the capital of Germany. The Wall represents a uniquely squalid, violent, and ultimately futile, episode in the post-war world. And we know that the subsequent international crisis, which was especially intense during the summer and autumn of 1961, threatened the world with the risk of a military conflict, one that seemed as if it could escalate at any time into nuclear confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union.

In 1945, the victors of the Second World War, the US, the Soviet Union, Britain and by special dispensation the French, had divided Germany into four zones of occupation and its capital, Berlin, into four sectors. To the wartime Allies, Germany had been a problem ever since its unification in 1871, a big, restless country in the heart of Europe. The over- mighty Germany of the Kaiser’s and Hitler’s time must never be allowed to re-emerge.

Berlin Wall history and facts

Then came the Cold War. From the late 1940s, Germany itself – what was left of it after the Poles and the Russians had carved chunks off its eastern territories – became a creature of the Communist-capitalist conflict. It divided into West Germany (the ‘Federal Republic of Germany’) and the smaller East Germany (the ‘German Democratic Republic’), the former a prosperous democracy of some 50 million anchored into what was to become the Western NATO al­liance, the latter a struggling social experiment, a third as large, allied to the Communist Warsaw Pact. The Iron Curtain ran through Germany, with a fortified border between the two Cold War German states.

Until 1961, however, Berlin remained under joint occupation and kept a special status, still more or less one city in which fairly free movement was possible. So, in the end the fall of the Wall brought not just the end of the Cold War but the final absorption of Germany into Europe – a solution of sorts for the ‘German problem’ that had haunted the world for more than a century and brought about two catastrophic world wars.

Mona Lisa art facts

Mona Lisa Portrait and things you didn’t know about it

Painted by famous Italian artist, Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519), Mona Lisa is definitely one of priceless paintings now. Well, what do you know about Mona Lisa Portrait? Scrolling down for very great facts and details related to the painting that you might have never heart about.

Mona Lisa art facts

  1. The Mona Lisa is probably the most famous, most studied , most widely recognized, and most visited painting in the world. Most academics consider it the greatest masterpiece of all time.
  2. The Mona Lisa was painted with oil paint on a poplar wood panel, using a technique that left no visible brush marks.
  3. What you may not know about the Mona Lisa is that it isn’t as big as everyone thinks, as the dimension of the painting is actually just 53 x 77 centimeters (21 x 30 inches) – which is just a little bit larger than an A2 piece of paper.
  4. The painting is considered priceless and so it cannot be insured.
  5. The painting has an imperfection. In 1956, a man named Ugo Ungaza threw a stone at the painting. This resulted in a small patch of damaged paint next to her left elbow.
  6. Her smile, so famous for its intriguing nature, continues to be an enigmatic aspect of this historic portrait.
  7. The title ‘Mona Lisa’ means ‘My Lady Lisa’ in English.
  8. No one knows the exact year that Da Vinci completed the Mona Lisa, but most agree that he started painting it in 1503 or 1504 and worked on it for several years, maybe as much as a decade, carrying it with him wherever he went. Some say he died without ever finishing it. The Mona Lisa is now over 500 years old!
  9. A face-recognition software determined that Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is 83% happy, 9% disgusted, 6% fearful, and 2% angry.
  10. Mona Lisa is located at the Musee du Louvre in Paris, France, where it has a room of its own and has been on permanent display since 1797.

Source: justfunfacts.com, boldsky.com See also: Elephants for kids Interesting penguin facts Cats facts


Review: ‘Star Trek Beyond’ Sticks to Its Brand.

Chris Pine, left, and Idris Elba in Star Trek Beyond

Chris Pine, left, and Idris Elba in Star Trek Beyond

Musing in his Captain’s Log as his birthday approaches, James Tiberius Kirk, his eyes as blue as the lens flare that accompanies the first shot of the Starship Enterprise, finds himself in a funk. “Things are starting to feel a little … episodic,” he confesses, in what even a sympathetic viewer might interpret as a meta-statement, a confession of franchise fatigue. Chris Pine, who has played Kirk since the big-screen reboot in 2009, is on his third voyage. This character, originated by William Shatner, has endured a lot more. The larger “Star Trek” enterprise has been boldly going on for a half-century, and more hours of television and cinema than I possess theGoogling acumen to tally.

So you can understand why James T., a good soldier and also a bit of a loose cannon, might want to break out of the rut, and the title of the latest movie,“Star Trek Beyond,” teases the audience with the promise of novelty and risk. It’s not necessarily a criticism to note that not much materializes. Directed by the action maven Justin Lin from a script by Simon Pegg and Doug Jung, the film answers the question “Beyond what?” with a diffident “Well, nothing, really. Don’t worry!” It should have been called “Star Trek Within” in honor of its determination to color inside the lines, obeying the ironclad conventions of brand and genre.

Which is not, in itself, a bad thing. Not every wheel needs reinventing, and one of the abiding pleasures of “Star Trek,” in its old and newer iterations, lies in its balance of stubborn consistency and canny inventiveness. The characters never change, but the stakes can shift wildly from one adventure to the next. Fans love “Star Trek” precisely because of its episodic nature, which allows for a certain amount of variation in theme and tone. Sometimes the future of the universe hangs in the balance. Sometimes Kirk and his crew have to deal with local disputes and personnel issues. Or weird random stuff, like tribbles or Joan Collins-related time travel.


Unfortunately, 21st-century big-budget action movies are made according to a more rigid template, and “Beyond” follows its immediate predecessors,“Star Trek” and “Into Darkness” (both directed by J. J. Abrams), in sacrificing some of the old spirit to blockbuster imperatives. The Hollywood rule book stipulates that the climactic sequence should involve the noisy destruction of a lot of buildings and an extended hand-to-hand fight between the good guy and the main villain. The villain should be motivated by the usual villainous grudge. Millions of lives should be in danger, and the actual casualties should be numerous and filmed bloodlessly enough to preserve the PG-13 rating.

Up until the tedious and bombastic finish, though, you can have a pretty good time. In his work on the “Fast and Furious” movies, Mr. Lin has shown a playful willingness to extend — and, if necessary, suspend — the laws of physics, and his visual brashness can be a refreshing antidote to Mr. Abrams’s fussy tries to combine digital spectacle with old-fashioned cinematic discipline.

Most important, the gang’s all here, and Mr. Lin proves once again to be an adept ensemble wrangler. Kirk grins and grimaces his way through yet another existential career crisis (and also does some motorcycle stunt driving). Spock (Zachary Quinto) and Uhura (Zoe Saldana) experience some love trouble. Spock and Bones (Karl Urban) take their bickering-astronaut vaudeville double act on the road once again. Sulu (John Cho), Chekov (Anton Yelchin) and Scotty (Mr. Pegg) provide technical support and comic relief, as necessary.

On the surface of a distant planet, the crew encounters a new nemesis and a new ally. The big baddie is a murderous warlord named Krall (Idris Elba, masked). The scrappy sidekick is a stranded fighter named Jaylah (Sofia Boutella, in zebra-stripe makeup). Things go more or less as you expect, with enough surprises and “reveals” to make you mad at me if I say too much more. The crew hops into, and out of, danger. Machinery fails and is repaired in the nick of time. Highly complicated imaginary science is explained with breathless urgency.

Sometimes, I have to say, the scientific breakthroughs feel a little too convenient. Jaylah has some kind of technology that makes giant spaceships invisible, and another kind that shoots fast-drying resin (or something). And there is some business at the end on an enormous space station that I did not buy for a minute. The nerd in me wants a bit more rigor, a bit more plausibility underneath the exuberant fakery. Maybe in the next episode.

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Playing chess

Facts and information about chess and playing chess

Chess is a really logical thinking game that’s loved and played by so many, many, many people all over the world. And do you know how many people worldwide know how to play chess now. Check out all the facts right below here to find the answer on your own.

Playing chess

  1. The number of possible unique chess games is much greater than the number of electrons in the universe. The number of electrons is estimated to be about 10^79, while the number of unique chess games is 10^120.
  2. The longest chess game theoretically possible is 5,949 moves.
  3. The word “Checkmate” in Chess comes from the Persian phrase “Shah Mat,” which means “the King is dead.”
  4. Blathy, Otto (1860-1939), credited for creating the longest Chess Problem, mate in 290 moves.
  5. The longest official chess game lasted 269 moves (I. Nikolic – Arsovic, Belgrade 1989) and ended in a draw.
  6. From the starting position, there are eight different ways to Mate in two moves and 355 different ways to Mate in three moves.
  7. The new Pawn move, advancing two squares on its first move instead of one, was first introduced in Spain in 1280.
  8. Dr. Emanuel Lasker from Germany retained the World Chess Champion title for more time than any other player ever: 26 years and 337 days.
  9. In 1985, the Soviet player Garry Kasparov became the youngest World Chess Champion ever at the age of 22 years and 210 days.
  10. The first Chessboard with alternating light and dark squares appears in Europe in 1090.
  11. About 600,000,000 (Six hundred million) people know how to play chess worldwide!
  12. Chess began in India during the Gupta Empire, spreading to the Persian Sassanid Empire, and then to the Middle East after Muslims conquered Persia.  From there, it spread to Europe and Russia.

Source: thechessworld.com Related: Elephants for kids Penguin facts Interesting penguin facts

Music facts about bass guitar

10 amazing things to know about bass guitar

Bass  guitar or also simple known as bass or even electric bass is a kind of modern musical instrument that’s used widely to make great melody for a wide range of music. Keep reading on to get some of the most amazing facts for kids about bass guitar right below here.

Music facts about bass guitar

The Characteristics Of Bass Guitar

Even though electric guitar and bass guitar have some similarities, both also have differences. The bass guitar has four to six strings. It also has longer neck.

About its tune

The tuning for the double bass and four string bass usually is the same. During the live performances, the bass guitar is plugged into a speaker or amplifier. Check facts about bassoon here.

Bass Guitar’s popularity

Bass guitar has higher popularity since 1960s. In the popular music performance, the double bass had lost its favor. It was replaced by the bass guitar.

The main role of the bassist

The style when you play the bass guitar is determined based on the type of the music. But there are two primary roles for the bassists. They have to establish the beat and anchor the harmonic musical framework.

Music genres

There are various types of music combined with bass guitar. Those include reggae, country, punk rock, pop, metal, alternative, jazz, blues, gospel, or even rock. Find facts about pop music here.

The solo instrument

You can also spot the solo performance using bass guitar in metal, rock, funk, Latin, progressive rock, jazz fusion or even jazz music.

The Material

Wood is considered as the common material to create bass guitar. The wood is used to create the fretboard, neck or even body of bass guitar. But some bass guitars are made by using graphite.

The common wood

The common woods to create bass guitar include walnut, ash, mahogany, alder, rosewood, or even poplar.

Common Type Of Bass Guitar

The common type of bass guitar is made of rosewood fretboard, maple neck, and ash and alder body.

The exotic wood

There are some high qualities and expensive bass guitars made of the exotic wood. Due to the attractive grain, cocobolo was used to create the top layer and body of bass guitar by Alembic.

Source: myinterestingfacts.com

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Facts about football

Most amazing facts about football, do you know them?

Are you a big fan of football – the most played and most watched sport on earth? If you are, are you sure that you know everything about it? Keep reading on to get some of the most amazing facts about this sport right below here and at the same time, you can check out your knowledge about it as well. They are all sure to surprise you!!!

Facts about football

  1. Football originated in China around 476 B.C.
  2. Football is the most popular sport in the world. Over one billion fans watch World Cup Football on television.
  3. The largest Football tournament saw no less than 5,098 teams. They competed in 1999 for the second Bangkok League Seven-a-Side Competition. Over 35,000 players participated.
  4. The maximum number of goals scored by one player in a single Football match was 16. It was scored by Stephan Stanis (France) playing for Racing Club de Lens in December 1942.
  5. Based on video evidence, one of the fastest ever scored was in 2.8 seconds by Ricardo Olivera (Uruguay) in December 1998.
  6. Football goalies didn’t have to wear different coloured shirts from their teammates until 1913.
  7. Football players run an average of 9.65 kms during every game.
  8. The very first game of basketball was played with a soccer ball.
  9. The World’s First Football Club was the English Sheffield Football Club. It was founded in 1857 by Colonel Nathaniel Cresswick and Major William Priest, two British Army officers.
  10. European Teams have reached every World Cup final, except for the finals of 1930 and 1950.
  11. The highest scoring game was clocked 149-0. Stade Olympique de L’emyrne, a team from Madagascar scored their own goals. They did it as a form of protest for the unfair decision by referee in the previous game.
  12. Ronaldinho came into limelight when scored 23 goals in a 23-0 game when he was only
  13. Celestine Babayaro, Nigerian born Chelsea player injured his legs while celebrating his debut goal in a pre-season match, while Luigi Riva broke a spectator’s arm with his powerful shot.
  14. The first black football player was Arthur Wharton in the 1800s.
  15. Pele was the first to call football “the beautiful game”.
  16. Only Americans and Canadians call football “soccer”.
  17. England came up with the word “soccer”. It’s a shortened version of “Association Football” that was changed to “Assoc Football”. This was changed to “Soccer”. In 19th century England, it was popular to add the “-er” sound to shortened words.
  18. Neil Armstrong originally wanted to take a football to the moon – but NASA deemed it to be un-American.

Source: mensxp.com See also: Amazing facts for kids Football games for kids Solitaire card games

Spider Solitaire Card Game

5 fun facts about online Solitaire card games

Have you ever tried Solitaire card games? Well, I bet you have since this type of game has been available in the computer for more than 25 years and at least one time, most of us once tried this game.

Spider Solitaire Card Game

Spider Solitaire Card Game screenshot

Here are some of the most interesting facts about these games that are sure to surprise you a lot. 1. Solitaire was developed in 1989 by … an intern? Wes Cherry adapted the popular card game for Microsoft during his internship with the company. The game was included in Windows 3.0, which made its debut in 1990. It’s safe to say that any ’90s kid knows the familiar sight of the rounded, glass screen of the early Windows PCs, accompanied by the call of the glowing green game that could occupy hours of time. Microsoft Solitaire was a way to get people relaxed and excited about using the computer at home – and look where we are now! (Bonus fact: Solitaire has been pre-installed on every Windows operating system since Windows 3.0 – except Windows 8!) 2. There are five main variations of Solitaire: Klondike, FreeCell, Spider, TriPeaks and Pyramid. And that’s not all! There are many variations of these Solitaire games, all customizable based on how many decks and suits you play with, how many cards are dealt from the top left deck and how the cards are arranged. In short? You can get bored of regular old Solitaire, but you will never run out of ways to make it more interesting. 3. The highest score you can earn in the standard version of Microsoft Solitaire is 24,113. You get 10 points for each card added to an aces pile (aka “home stack”) and five points for each time you move a card from the deck to a column (correctly). There is a time bonus for games that last longer than 30 seconds (faster ones are not considered for scoring) based on the formula: 700,000 divided by the total time (in seconds) it took you to finish. 4. Winning is more likely than you think. Many tech-savvy people have made it their mission to analyze the game of Solitaire. According to Usman Latif of TechUser.net, 1 in 400 Solitaire games are unsolvable. 5. It’s not all luck – you really can increase your chance of winning. By keeping the runs (that vertical line of visible cards) evenly distributed instead of focusing on completing one at a time, it enables you to make more moves elsewhere and can improve time dramatically. Focus on unlocking the face-down cards so you know what you’re working with, instead of moving cards just because you can. Finally, don’t be too eager with the stockpile. Only play a card from that pile if there are no other options available within the other stacks. Playing all three cards in the dealt pile is also not the best idea, as you want to be able to see as many cards as possible in that deck to know what options you have there and playing all three will keep them all in the same order. Source: http://www.fromthegrapevine.com/ See also: Football games for kids Amazing facts of science


The Conjuring horror film true and real story

The Conjuring is a 2013 American supernatural horror film directed by James Wan. The question is whether The Conjuring full movie is based on a true and real story or not? Just keep reading to find out the answer. Film facts The Conjuring true and real story The Conjuring poster boldly proclaims that it’s “based on the true case files of the Warrens.” So who are the Warrens, anyway? The real-life couple, Ed and Lorraine (played in the film by Vera Farmiga and Patrick Wilson), were American paranormal investigators that founded the New England Society for Psychic Research in 1952. The Warrens’ 10,000-plus career cases include the alleged haunting depicted in The Conjuring. In 1971, Roger and Carolyn Perron moved into a colonial farmhouse in Harrisville, R.I., with their five daughters, and quickly began experiencing what they described as both haunting and spiritual possessions. They invited the Warrens to the farmhouse to investigate. Over the nine years they lived in the house, the Perrons described spirits, both harmless and angry, that “stunk of rotting flesh” and routinely arrived at 5:15 a.m. to levitate their beds. The Conjuring movie true real storyThe Conjuring true real story So how much of that is true? The real-life Perron family swears by their story, throwing their full weight behind the film and even appearing in some of The Conjuring marketing materials. “Because I was the youngest and the most vulnerable, I was approached more than anyone, and I actually had a relationship with that ghostly boy,” said April Perron in a trailer promoting the film. Of course, there are plenty of people who doubt the story. Steven Novella, the president of the New England Skeptical Society, told USA Today that “there is absolutely no reason to believe there is any legitimacy” to the Warrens’ reports on the Perron haunting, or, for that matter, to any of the Warrens’ cases. The Conjuring “is a fair reflection of the chaos and danger we faced at the farm,” countered Andrea Perron. “There are liberties taken and a few discrepancies, but overall, it is what it claims to be based on a true story, believe it or not.” Watch Perron describe her experiences in more details here: Check out for more coolrandomweird but truecrazyfun, amazing facts, fact of lifefact of the dayfunny videos, video clipsfunny pictures, imagesphotos.


Neck pain, stiff neck, sore neck causes, ways to avoid, and remedies

Neck pain is one of the most common complaints from cyclists. It’s no wonder: Cycling is an activity that requires you to maintain a position in which your back is flexed for long periods of time, placing great demands on your neck. Stiff neck causesNeck pain from cycling is probably one of the most common overuse injuries that stems from poor posture and weak muscles. Despite the lack of trauma, the injuries associated with neck pain can be debilitating to the point where it is almost impossible to get on the bike. Pain in the neck or neck pain from riding your bike is a warning sign that your position on your bike or the bike itself is creating undue stress on your neck. The good news is that a few adjustments to your bike and your form can correct the problem. Whether you’re a casual rider or have dreams of riding in the Tour de France, you can take steps to avoid a stiff, neck stiffness, stiff neck, neck pain, and sore neck when cycling. Here are tips to avoid stiff neck, sore neck. Stiff neck remedies, treatment.  Sport and human facts 1. Take the proper position Most neck pain from cycling is muscle stiffness or soreness from sitting in an awkward position for a long period of time. Many people experience neck pain because they are improperly positioned on their bike. If you’re riding a road bike, your head is tipped upward, which can aggravate arthritis in the neck, create pinched nerves and contribute to spinal stenosis. So check your form: Pull your stomach in toward your lower back, elongate your torso, slide the shoulder blades down your upper back and keep your chest slightly lifted while riding. Keep your chin tucked in and stretch your neck during relaxed parts of your ride. Make sure your helmet is properly fitted too. A helmet that isn’t properly adjusted also can affect comfort and neck stiffness. Neck pain cycling causesYour cycling position may be the problem for your stiff neck 2. Find a bike that fits your body and get it adjusted A well set-up bike will help avoid cycling injuries in the long run and will make you a better and more efficient cyclist. If you’re buying a new bicycle, fit is  important.  So try as many different bikes as you can and buy the one that feels the most comfortable. Then get the seat height, handlebar height, cleats and pedal alignment adjusted to fit your body. Even if you are riding an older bicycle that you’ve owned for years,  visit a local bike shop to have it properly fit for you. Most reputable shops often can make small adjustments that can help you feel more comfortable on your bike and get more out of your cycling efforts. The best way to avoid problems with your neck is appropriate adjustments of your handlebars and your saddle, to put your whole spine in a good position. Cycling bike   Pick a suitable bike 3. How to treat soreness You can treat the soreness in the back of your neck or shoulders with heat or ice. Ice is best if the area feels swollen or warm. It’s also a good idea to take a break from your bike until your neck pain diminishes. In the meantime, try some gentle stretches to make your neck feel better. Touching the chin to the chest and then the ear to each shoulder is a great way to loosen up these muscles. If you have neck pain that radiates all the way over the top of your head, numbness or tingling that shoots down the arms, or if the pain doesn’t gradually improve in about two weeks, it’s time to see a doctor. Check out for more coolrandomweird but truecrazyfun, amazing facts, fact of lifefact of the dayfunny videos, video clipsfunny pictures, imagesphotos.

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